What's the Best Exercise to Lose Weight: Cardio or Lifting Weights?

For decades, conventional wisdom (and Jane Fonda) said cardio was the best exercise for weight loss. Then strength training muscled its way into the spotlight as the must-do move for revving your metabolism and losing weight in your sleep, prompting many exercise enthusiasts to join #TeamNoCardio. So a few years ago, Duke University researchers took to the lab and conducted the largest study of its kind to compare the two and get an answer once and for all.

After 8 months of tracking 119 overweight and previously sedentary volunteers while they performed resistance training, aerobic exercise, or a combination of the two, the clear winner was…aerobic exercise. By a lot. The cardio group lost about 4 pounds while their resistance training peers gained two. Yes, the weight gain was attributed to added lean mass. However, that muscle mass didn’t lead to any meaningful fat loss over the course of the study. In fact, the aerobics only group shed more than 3 ½ pounds of fat while the lifters didn’t lose a single pound despite the fact that they actually exercised 47 more minutes each week than the cardio group. Not surprisingly, the cardio-plus-resistance group improved their body composition best—losing the most fat while adding some lean mass. But they also spent twice as much time in the gym.

Related: 3 Cardio Exercises You Can Do Anywhere
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It’s simple math, says study co-author Cris Slentz, PhD, assistant professor of medicine at Duke University. “Minute per minute, cardio burns more calories, so it works best for reducing fat mass and body mass.” That’s not to say that you shouldn’t lift weights, especially as you get older and start losing muscle mass, he notes. “Resistance training is important for maintaining lean body mass, strength and function, and being functionally fit is important for daily living no matter what your size."

For the biggest fitness gain/weight loss bang for your exercise buck, combine the two, doing your strength training first and finishing off with your cardio. An American Council on Exercise study on exercise sequencing found that your heart rate is higher—by about 12 beats per minute—during your cardio bout when you’ve lifted weights beforehand. That means more calories burned.

It’s also important to remember one essential fact about exercise and weight loss, says Slentz. “Exercise by itself will not lead to big weight loss. What and how much you eat has a far greater impact on how much weight you lose,” he says. That’s because it’s far easier to take in less energy (calories) than it is to burn significant amounts and it’s very easy to cancel out the few hundred calories you’ve burned working out with just one snack.

RELATED: 10 Superfoods for Weight Loss

Where exercise appears to matter most is for preventing weight gain, or for keeping off pounds once you’ve lost weight, says Slentz. “Exercise seems to work best for body weight control,” he says. The National Weight Control Registry, which since 1994 has tracked more than 10,000 people who shed an average of 66 pounds and kept it off for at least five years, would agree. Ninety percent of successful weight loss maintainers exercise for about an hour a day and their activity of choice is cardio, simply walking. 

Source: http://www.health.com

‘I Swallowed a Balloon For Weight Loss and Lost 40 Lbs.’

This article originally appeared on Time.com. 

Dana Goossens, 29, lives in Illinois and participated in a recent clinical trial for a weight loss device called the Obalon Balloon System. Here’s her story:

Like many Americans, I’ve tried all sorts of ways to lose weight. That’s been disheartening, especially since I’ve always been an active person. I tried everything from diet pills to eating only 500 calories a day and getting hormone injections to Weight Watchers—but I was never successful at keeping off the weight over the long term. I was tired of yo-yo diets and medications that made me feel bad.

My mother, who is a registered nurse, would remind me not to be vain, but she knew how much my weight was bringing me down. She forwarded me an article about a new device called the Obalon Balloon System, which consists of inflatable balloons that expand in your stomach to help you lose weight. It sounded strange, but I was curious.

Dana

I sent emails to the doctors involved in the clinical trial and I was able to secure one of the last spots. I was nervous about explaining my decision to my friends and family. My boyfriend told me if it would make me happy to give it a try, then I should do it.

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The procedure was surprisingly simple. During the first session, I swallowed a small capsule that was tied to a tiny micro-catheter. The doctor then inflated the balloon once it was in my stomach—it gets to be about the size of an orange—and removed the catheter. The whole process took about 10 minutes. In the beginning, I could tell there was an object inside of me. At night it was a bit more uncomfortable as I could feel the balloon move a bit and squeak, but nothing I couldn’t handle. Eventually, my body got used to the feeling and I didn’t think about it during the day.

After one month, I went back to the doctor and swallowed the second balloon capsule, and two months after that, I swallowed the third and final balloon. Pretty soon after swallowing the second balloon, I started noticing the real weight loss. I was also seeing a nutritionist regularly, and I started doing cardio fitness about four times a week for 45 minutes. I learned how to listen to my body and understand when I’m hungry or full.

Dana

By the end of the six months, I lost close to 40 pounds and weighed 138 pounds. My friends and family were really impressed. What I liked about the balloon procedure was that I didn’t have to undergo surgery, and I could keep the procedure discreet.

I also developed lifestyle changes that helped me lose the weight at a steady pace, and I am hopeful this weight loss is more sustainable. By the time the trial ended, I felt confident I could maintain my healthy lifestyle even after getting the balloons removed. And I’ve even lost more weight since then.

The balloons have now been approved by the FDA, costs $6,000 to $9,000, and isn’t covered by insurance.

Source: http://www.health.com

Study finds ketogenic diet as 'feasible' option for people with super-refractory status epilepticus

In a small phase I and II clinical trial, Johns Hopkins researchers and colleagues elsewhere found that the high-fat, low-carbohydrate ketogenic diet was a safe and effective treatment option for the majority of adults experiencing a relatively rare, often fatal and always severe form of epilepsy marked by prolonged seizures that require medically induced comas to prevent them from further damaging the body and the brain.

Source: http://www.news-medical.net

Mama June's Trainer Says 'Her Kids Don't Even Recognize Her' After Extreme Slim Down

This article originally appeared on People.com. 

Mama June Shannon‘s much-anticipated weight loss reveal is almost here — and according to her trainer, it’s going to be “ridiculous.”

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PEOPLE Now caught up with weight loss expert Kenya Crooks, who has been training the Here Comes Honey Boo Boo matriarch, whose transformation will be documented on Mama June: From Not to Hot.

The Biggest Loser won’t have anything on this, The Swan won’t have anything on this — when I tell you this is the greatest transformation of all time, get ready,” said Crooks of the reality star’s slim down, which the network is calling “the most shocking transformation in reality TV history.”

“This thing is phenomenal,” he continued. “You won’t even be able to recognize her — her kids don’t even recognize her!”

Shannon, who had gastric sleeve surgery in 2015, has gone from 460 lbs. to a size 4. Crooks was brought in after her weight loss started to plateau post-surgery.

“I came in as the closer, because she was struggling with getting to the next point of weight loss,” explained Crooks. “The cool thing about momentum is as soon as we got her going, she was good.”

But the beginning was a “struggle,” said the trainer, who confessed to using an airhorn to force the reality star out of bed in the morning.

“You have to keep in mind, this lady used to eat this stuff called ‘sketti’ — so that does not sound healthy or nutritious at all,” said Crooks with a laugh. “We had to change how she looked at food. We had to cut down the portions, because she used to eat really, really big. So we had to change how she ate, how she worked out, and just put it all together!”

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Crooks said at first, it was tough to motivate Shannon, but that changed “as soon as she started dropping weight” — and now, her self-esteem is “off the charts.”

Plus, Shannon’s 11-year-old daughter Alana, best known to fans as “Honey Boo Boo,” and 17-year-old daughter Lauryn, a.k.a. “Pumpkin,” got in on the fun — sometimes acting as “informants,” Crooks joked.

“We had to create a team culture. I come from a sports background, so I believe in the team concept, and you have to get everybody on board — you can’t have two different menus,” said Crooks. “So it was a team effort and the kids joined in and it made everything so much easier.”

“The cool thing is, when you start working with people, you become a family,” he added.

And according to Crooks, Shannon’s transformation isn’t done yet.

“She’s doing awesome. We’re looking at making her even more sexy,” he said. “I mean, she’s killing it now, but we’re looking at making it even more so. I like to put the ‘er’ on everything: finer and sexier!”

Mama June: From Not to Hot premieres Friday at 10 p.m. ET on WEtv.

Source: http://www.health.com

Kim Kardashian West Loves This Plastic Weight Loss Suit, But Does It Really Work?

From waist trainers to "flat tummy tea," the Kardashians have used several questionable methods to slim down. Here's another one to add to the list: Kim Kardashian West working out in a plastic trash bag-like suit to sweat away the rest of her baby weight. 

The reality star wore the strange getup during a workout with trainer Donamatrix on Tuesday morning. "I’m wearing a full sweat suit ’cause I gotta lose this extra, like, 7 pounds," she told her Snapchat followers. Kardashian West gave birth to her son, Saint, 16 months ago, and said in October that she'd dropped almost 70 pounds. She now says on Snapchat that losing 7 pounds will bring her down to her 115-pound goal.

Kardashian West isn't the only member of her family who's been spotted wearing a so-called "sauna suit." Khloe Kardashian has worn one as well. "I like wearing the sauna suit during cardio, but you burn more calories and break a sweat faster even if you're lifting weights," she said on her app. 

To see if there's merit behind this Kardashian-approved weight loss trick, we reached out to Tom Holland, an exercise physiologist and author of Beat the Gym. The answer: a hard no. 

"This is so old school and so horrible," Holland tells Health. This method provides no long-term weight loss results, he says, and will only help Kardashian West drop water weight.

The sauna suit trick was widely used in the 19050s, says Holland, when boxers and wrestlers needed to weigh in for their sport and had to ensure they made a certain weight class. After weighing in and re-hydrating, these athletes would immediately gain the lost weight back, in a matter of a few hours.

"If all you care about is the number on the scale, then sure, this method will temporarily change that," Holland says. "But you're also putting on a suit that doesn't breathe so it's potentially dangerous and the worst case scenario is death." Wearing a sauna suit mimics the effects of heat stroke because it depletes your hydration and electrolyte levels and raises your core temperature and heart rate to scary new levels. Organ failure is possible as well if you use the suit for too long.

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Holland says that women who want to slim down should steer clear sweat suits and other fast fixes. Instead, high intensity interval training (HIIT) is the most effective way to drop pounds quickly. "With HIIT, you're going to burn abdominal fat, which is the last few pounds of a weight loss goal for many people," he says. "Plus, you can potentially continue to burn calories after the workout with HIIT."

It's important to remember that the number on the scale is an arbitrary measurement. Losing 7 pounds may be important to Kardashian West, but she looks just as great in her body-hugging dresses at her current weight. Holland says it best: "Body composition is more important than the number on the scale. Your body will find the way it's supposed to look. You may need to weigh a little more, but you’ll be strong and healthy."

Source: http://www.health.com

Medtronic launches new Signia Stapling System that provides real-time feedback during surgery

Delivering on its commitment to develop and expand minimally invasive surgery technologies and capabilities, Medtronic plc announced the launch of its Signia Stapling System. The latest addition to the company’s MIS portfolio, the Signia system provides surgeons with real-time feedback and automated responses to that real-time data.

Source: http://www.news-medical.net

Research: Many ulcerative colitis patients taking conventional treatments describe disease as 'poorly controlled'

New research shows that nearly three-quarters of patients with moderate to severe ulcerative colitis (UC) taking conventional treatments describe their disease as ‘poorly controlled’ (continuous or regular experience of symptoms that negatively affect quality of life), with half saying they are somewhat or completely dissatisfied with their current medication; only 1% were completely satisfied with their current treatment.

Source: http://www.news-medical.net